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Case of cardiac arrest due to carbon dioxide poisoning following an explosion of a carbon dioxide tank

Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine 2020년 7권 3호 p.234 ~ 237
옥영빈, 김진용, 백광제, 이경룡, 홍대영, 박상오, 김종원, 김신영,
소속 상세정보
옥영빈 ( Ok Young-Bin ) - Konkuk University School of Medicine Konkuk University Medical Center Department of Emergency Medicine
김진용 ( Kim Jin-Yong ) - Konkuk University School of Medicine Konkuk University Chungju Hospital Department of Emergency Medicine
백광제 ( Baek Kwang-Je ) - Konkuk University School of Medicine Konkuk University Medical Center Department of Emergency Medicine
이경룡 ( Lee Kyeong-Ryong ) - Konkuk University School of Medicine Konkuk University Medical Center Department of Emergency Medicine
홍대영 ( Hong Dae-Young ) - Konkuk University School of Medicine Konkuk University Medical Center Department of Emergency Medicine
박상오 ( Park Sang-O ) - Konkuk University School of Medicine Konkuk University Medical Center Department of Emergency Medicine
김종원 ( Kim Jong-Won ) - Konkuk University School of Medicine Konkuk University Medical Center Department of Emergency Medicine
김신영 ( Kim Sin-Young ) - Konkuk University School of Medicine Konkuk University Medical Center Department of Emergency Medicine

Abstract


Carbon dioxide is widely used for a variety of purposes. As it is a normal constituent of air, the public generally regards it as safe. Although low concentrations of carbon dioxide are not harmful to human beings, high concentrations are toxic, and can cause serious harm, including cardiac arrest. Only a limited number of cases of carbon dioxide intoxication have been reported in Korea, and they have all been mild, with no cases of cardiac arrest following acute exposure to high concentrations of carbon dioxide, reported previously. We describe a case of carbon dioxide poisoning following an explosion of a carbon dioxide tank, which led to cardiac arrest in a 66-yearold patient. This cardiac arrest could have been avoided if the patient was fully aware of the hazardous effects and serious consequences of exposure to high concentrations of carbon dioxide.

키워드

Carbon dioxide; Poisoning; Heart arrest; Occupational health

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