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Repeated Dry Sauna Therapy Improves Quality of Life in Obese Korean People

Korean Journal of Family Medicine 2020년 41권 5호 p.312 ~ 317
최훈성, 권혁이, 조근혁, Thuc Le Cong, 박소영, 김남훈, 김왜정, 김윤기, 전우석, 이주아, 김형춘, 조은희,
소속 상세정보
최훈성 ( Choi Hoon-Sung ) - Kangwon National University School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
권혁이 ( Kwon Hyuk-I ) - Kangwon National University School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
조근혁 ( Cho Keun-Hyok ) - Kangwon National University School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Thuc Le Cong ) - Kangwon National University School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
박소영 ( Park So-Young ) - Kangwon National University School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
김남훈 ( Kim Nam-Hun ) - Kangwon National University College of Forest and Environmental Sciences
김왜정 ( Kim Wae-Jung ) - Kangwon National University College of Forest and Environmental Sciences
김윤기 ( Kim Yun-Ki ) - Kangwon National University College of Forest and Environmental Sciences
전우석 ( Jeon Woo-Seok ) - Kangwon National University College of Forest and Environmental Sciences
이주아 ( Lee Ju-Ah ) - Kangwon National University College of Forest and Environmental Sciences
김형춘 ( Kim Hyoung-Chun ) - Kangwon National University College of Pharmacy
조은희 ( Cho Eun-Hee ) - Kangwon National University School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine

Abstract


Background: Dry sauna treatments improve the quality of life for chronic pain, congestive heart failure, and type 2 diabetes patients. This study aimed to determine whether dry sauna therapy improved the quality of life of obese people.

Methods: A total of 38 consecutive participants aged over 20 years with a body mass index of ≥25 kg/m2 were recruited for the study. The participants were treated with a 90°C dry sauna for 15 minutes, twice daily for 4 consecutive days. To assess the quality of life, all participants completed the 5 level EQ-5D questionnaires and the EQ-Visual Analog Scale. Study parameters were measured on the same day prior to commencing the sauna sessions in a fasted state and 2 days after the last sauna session.

Results: The average age was 62.3±9.5 years; 84.2% of the participants were female. The mean body mass index was 28.5±2.4 kg/m2. Dry sauna significantly improved the mean 5 level EQ-5D index scores from 0.83±0.12 to 0.89±0.11 and increased the mean EQ-Visual Analog Scale from 79.0±15.2 to 91.1±9.7. However, there were no significant changes in body mass index, blood pressure, heart rate, or body composition before and after the 8-session sauna therapy.

Conclusion: Dry sauna improved the health-related quality of life of obese patients without adverse events. Further clinical studies in larger study populations are needed to verify these findings and provide concrete evidence for obesity treatment.

키워드

Sauna; Quality of Life; Obesity; Infrared Rays; Korea

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