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Case Report of Tetanus Patient Showing Trismus and Dysphagia as Early Symptoms

Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain 2020년 45권 3호 p.79 ~ 82
장서희, 변진석, 정재광, 최재갑,
소속 상세정보
장서희 ( Jang Seo-Hee ) - Kyungpook National University School of Dentistry Department of Oral Medicine
변진석 ( Byun Jin-Seok ) - Kyungpook National University School of Dentistry Department of Oral Medicine
정재광 ( Jung Jae-Kwang ) - Kyungpook National University School of Dentistry Department of Oral Medicine
최재갑 ( Choi Jae-Kap ) - Kyungpook National University School of Dentistry Department of Oral Medicine

Abstract


Tetanus is a fatal disease caused by the infection Clostridium tetani found in animal feces and soil. It is a vaccine-preventable disease and rarely occurs in developed countries. However, approximately 30 cases still occur annually in South Korea. Tetanus, commonly called lockjaw, cause contraction of the masseter muscles in the early stage, resulting in trismus as the first symptom. As it progresses, spasm extends to various muscles in the face, neck, shoulder, and back, leading to distorted facial expression, dysphagia, backward arching of the body, dyspnea, and even death. Early diagnosis of tetanus is critical because it can quickly become fatal if left untreated. We present a case of trismus caused by tetanus and emphasize the importance of early diagnosis of acute trismus.

키워드

Dysphagia; Tetanus; Trismus

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