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결혼이민여성의 자궁경부암 검진에 대한 건강신념, 문화적 장애성 및 자궁경부암 검진 의도의 영향 요인

The Related Factors on Cervical Cancer Screening Intention among Married Immigrant Women based on the Health Belief Model

구상미, 강문희,
소속 상세정보
구상미 ( Koo Sang-Mi ) - U1 University Department of Nursing
강문희 ( Kang Moon-Hee ) - Gyeongbuk College of Health Department of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the factors of health beliefs, cultural barriers, and intentions of cervical cancer screening behaviors in married immigrant women and provide information for the development of intervention programs.

Methods: The subjects were 207 married immigrant women living D and S cities, and G and Y counties.
The data were collected from April to June 2019, using a self-report structured questionnaire that was translated into English, Chinese, Vietnamese, and Korean, and analyzed by the SPSS/WIN 24.0 program.

Results: As a result of this study, it was found that the intention of cervical cancer screening for married immigrant women were high when they had a job (β=-.17, p=.014), experience of Pap testing within the past year (β=-.28, p<.001), experience of cervical cancer prevention education (β=-.18, p=.008), and a higher perceived sensitivity (β=.18, p=.016). All of these variables together explained 22% of the intention of cervical cancer screening behaviors in immigrant women married to Korean men.

Conclusion: In order to increase the cervical cancer screening behaviors in married immigrant women, intervention strategies to increase perceived susceptibility and decrease cultural barriers for immigrant women should be developed.

키워드

이민; 자궁 경부 세포진 검사; 건강신념; 문화; 검진 의도
Immigrants; Papanicolaou test; Beliefs; Culture; Intention

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