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근로빈곤과 건강불평등

Working Poverty and Health Disparities in Korean Workers

이진화, 이복임,
소속 상세정보
이진화 ( Lee Jin-Hwa ) - University of Ulsan Department of Nursing
이복임 ( Lee Bok-Im ) - University of Ulsan Department of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between working poverty and health status among Korean workers.

Methods: This study is secondary analysis of data extracted from the 2018 Community Health Survey. For the present analysis, 23,575 of the working poor whose household disposable income is below 50.0% of the national median and 111,443 of the working nonpoor were selected. Based on existing literature, a set of variables were chosen from the Community Health Survey. Health status was measured using self-rated health status measure, Patient health Questionnire-9, and EuroQol-5dimension.

Results: The proportion of subjective unhealthy status, depressive symptoms, and poor quality of life were significantly higher among the working poor than among the working nonpoor. After adjusting for general characteristics and health behavior factors, the working poverty was a significant predictor of subjective unhealthy status (AOR=1.32, 95% CI=1.25~1.40), depressive symptoms (AOR=1.61, 95% CI=1.38~1.88]), and poor quality of life (β=-0.02, p<.001).

Conclusion: The current study confirmed the health disparities between the working poor and the working nonpoor. Therefore, health care programs and policies are required for reducing the health inequalities among the workers.

키워드

근로; 빈곤; 건강
Work; Poverty; Health

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