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Burnout as a Mediator in the Relationship between Work-Life Balance and Empathy in Healthcare Professionals

Psychiatry Investigation 2020년 17권 9호 p.951 ~ 959
서화연, 이동욱, 남수현, 조성준, 운제연, 홍윤철, 이나미,
소속 상세정보
서화연 ( Seo Hwo-Yeon ) - Seoul National University Hospital Public Health Medical Service
이동욱 ( Lee Dong-Wook ) - Seoul National University College of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine
남수현 ( Nam Soo-Hyun ) - Seoul National University Hospital Human Rights Center
조성준 ( Cho Sung-Jun ) - Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Department of Psychiatry
운제연 ( Yoon Je-Yeon ) - Seoul National University College of Medicine Yeongeon Student Support Center
홍윤철 ( Hong Yun-Chul ) - Seoul National University College of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine
이나미 ( Lee Na-Mi ) - Seoul National University Hospital Human Rights Center

Abstract


Objective: This cross-sectional study aimed to 1) explore the relationships among work-life balance (WLB), burnout, and empathy and 2) investigate the roles of the subtypes of burnout relating to WLB and empathy.

Methods: A total of 105 health care professionals from a general hospital in Seoul were assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory, Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, and a one-sentence-question on subjective WLB. Multiple questions on psychiatric problems, including sleep problems, anxiety, depressive symptom, and alcohol problems, were also included.

Results: In the mediation analyses, personal achievement was considered as a potential mediating variable between WLB and empathy. The direct effect (β=3.93, 95% CI: 1.21?6.64) and the indirect effect (β=1.95, 95% CI: 0.52?3.76) of WLB on empathy were also significant.

Conclusion: Interventions encouraging personal achievement may help mitigate burnout of health professionals.

키워드

Work-life balance; Burnout; Empathy; Healthcare professionals

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