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State and Trait Anxiety of Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Psychiatry Investigation 2021년 18권 3호 p.257 ~ 265
김소윤, 김영아, 송다예, 봉귀영, 김종명, 김주현, 유희정,
소속 상세정보
김소윤 ( Kim So-Yoon ) - Duksung Women’s University Teacher Education
김영아 ( Kim Young-Ah ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Psychiatry
송다예 ( Song Da-Yea ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Psychiatry
봉귀영 ( Bong Gui-Young ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Psychiatry
김종명 ( Kim Jong-Myeong ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Psychiatry
김주현 ( Kim Joo-Hyun ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Psychiatry
유희정 ( Yoo Hee-Jeong ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Psychiatry

Abstract


Objective: This study examined how state and trait anxiety of adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are associated with their demographic characteristics, repetitive and restricted behaviors (RRBs), and internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors.

Methods: A total of 96 participants with ASD (mean age=14.30 years; 91 males) completed a battery of tests including the State/Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and a cognitive test measuring intelligence quotient (IQ). Participants’ parents completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Pearson’s correlations among age, IQ, two subscales of the STAI (i.e., STAIS and STAIT, measuring self-reported state and trait anxiety, respectively), and the Anxiety subscale of CBCL (i.e., CBCL-Anxiety, measuring parent-reported trait anxiety) were computed. Subsequently, Pearson’s correlations were computed among the three anxiety measures, RRBs, and problem behaviors, while controlling for participants’ age and IQ.

Results: The STAIS and CBCL-Anxiety were both significantly correlated with higher age, sensory sensitivity, depressive symptoms, somatic complaints, and aggressive behaviors. All three anxiety variables were significantly and positively correlated with total SRS RRB scores. Additionally, the STAIS and STAIT were significantly associated with more severe Compulsion/Adherence behaviors, and the CBCL-Anxiety was also significantly associated with more severe Rule-breaking Behaviors.

Conclusion: Self-reported state anxiety showed association patterns similar to those of parent-reported trait anxiety. Future studies investigating the precise operationalization of different anxiety instruments are needed to accurately measure the anxiety of adolescents with ASD.

키워드

Anxiety; Problem behavior; Autism spectrum disorders; Repetitive behaviors; Adolescence

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