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Gender Difference in the Association Between E-Cigarette Use and Depression among US Adults

Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives 2021년 12권 1호 p.13 ~ 19
성백선,
소속 상세정보
성백선 ( Sung Bak-Sun ) - Utah State University Department of Sociology, Social Work and Anthropology

Abstract


Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the association between e-cigarette use and depression and examine how this association is different by gender among US adults.

Methods: Data from the 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and Selected Metropolitan/Micropolitan Area Risk Trends was used, and included 174,351 of 230,875 US adults aged 18 years and older. Data were analyzed using the multivariate logistic regression models.

Results: After adjusting for age, race, education, income, marital status, employment status, smoking status, and physical activity, firstly, “current daily e-cigarette users” (AOR = 2.487, p < 0.001), “current non-daily e-cigarette users” (AOR = 1.623, p < 0.001), and “former e-cigarette users” (AOR = 1.573, p < 0.001) were associated with increased odds of depression compared with “never e-cigarette users.” Secondly, women were associated with increased odds of depression compared with men (AOR = 1.797, p < 0.001). Finally, male “current daily e-cigarette users” (AOR = 1.366, p < 0.01) were associated with increased odds of depression compared with female “never e-cigarette users.”

Conclusion: Thus, even though women tend to be more vulnerable to depression compared with men, e-cigarette use was positively associated with depression among both men and women.

키워드

depression; e-cigarette; gender; mental illness

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