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표치와 본치의 측면에서 경혈 선혈의 원리

The Principle of Acupoint Selection Based on Branch and Root Treatment

경락경혈학회지 2020년 37권 3호 p.203 ~ 208
이인선, 류연희, 채윤병,
소속 상세정보
이인선 ( Lee In-Seon ) - Kyung Hee University Acupuncture and Meridian Science Research Center
류연희 ( Ryu Yeon-Hee ) - Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine KM Fundamental Research Division
채윤병 ( Chae Youn-Byoung ) - Kyung Hee University Acupuncture and Meridian Science Research Center

Abstract


Objectives: : Since there are complex associations between diseases/symptoms and acupoints, one-to-one correspondence may not be the proper approach. Pattern identification has been being used as a clinical framework to make treatment decisions by extracting and synthesizing clinical data including patients’ signs and symptoms. In this article, we propose two different models explaining the relationships between diseases and acupoints based on the branch treatment [Zhibiaofa] and the root treatment [Zhibenfa].

Methods : We explained the relationships between diseases/symptoms and acupoints from the example data from our previous study on traditional acupuncture point selection patterns for pain control. Diseases include low back pain, migraine, irritable bowel syndrome, osteoarthritis, ankle sprain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and dysmenorrhea, and acupoints included LI4, BL23, BL25, SP6, BL60, TE5, and CV4.

Results : The relationships between diseases/symptoms and acupoints can be explained directly based on the branch treatment, and also can be explained indirectly through pattern identification based on the root treatment. Pattern identifications included both meridian-based pattern identification based on the spatial information of diseases and visceral organ-based pattern identification based on the characteristics of diseases.

Conclusions : In the East Asian traditional medicine, Korean medicine doctors choose the most appropriate acupoints based either on the diseases/symptoms (i.e., branch treatment) or on the results of pattern identifications (i.e., root treatment). It is necessary to understand the two different approaches to choose specific acupoints for the targeted diseases.

키워드

acupuncture; acupoint selection; branch treatment; pattern identification; root treatment

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