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Factors Associated with Health Behaviors in Thyroid Cancer Survivors

Journal of Cancer Prevention 2020년 25권 3호 p.173 ~ 180
윤정현, 박보영,
소속 상세정보
윤정현 ( Yoon Jung-Hyun ) - Hanyang University College of Medicine Department of Health Sciences
박보영 ( Park Bo-Young ) - Hanyang University College of Medicine Department of Medicine

Abstract


In this study, we compared health behaviors, including current smoking, drinking, and physical inactivity, in thyroid cancer survivors and non-cancer controls and investigated the factors associated with unhealthy behaviors among survivors. Baseline data from the Health Examinees study, collected from 2004 to 2013, were used. Thyroid cancer survivors (n = 942), defined as those who had received a clinical diagnosis of thyroid cancer, and 9,420 matched non-cancer controls without past history of any cancer were included in the analysis. The prevalence of smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical inactivity in thyroid cancer survivors were 2.3%, 26.6%, and 52.0%, respectively, with adjusted OR (aOR) and 95% CI between survivors and non-cancer controls of 0.35 (95% CI = 0.08-1.56), 0.46 (95% CI = 0.29-0.74), and 0.65 (95% CI = 0.44-0.96). The prevalence of unhealthy behaviors was higher among male thyroid cancer survivors than female thyroid cancer survivors. In thyroid cancer survivors, those who smoked were more likely to drink (aOR = 4.55 [95% CI = 1.61-12.85]) and those who were physically inactive were less likely to drink (aOR = 0.58 [95% CI = 0.42-0.82]). Current drinking and physical inactivity contributed to a higher likelihood of smoking (aOR = 4.31 [95% CI = 1.35-13.73] and 6.34 [95% CI = 1.65-24.34]). Thyroid cancer survivors had better health behaviors than the non-cancer controls. However, some survivors still had unhealthy lifestyles, especially displaying a clustering of unhealthy behaviors. Thus, health behavior promotion through medical intervention is important for thyroid cancer survivors.

키워드

Thyroid neoplasms; Cancer survivors; Health behavior

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