잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

The Relationship between the Metabolic Syndrome and the Risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Evaluated by STOP-Bang Questionnaire in Professional Drivers in Shahroud, Iran, in 2020: A Case-Control Study

Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome 2021년 30권 1호 p.55 ~ 62
Ebrahimi Mohammad Hossein, Jahanfar Shayesteh, Shayestefar Mina,
소속 상세정보
 ( Ebrahimi Mohammad Hossein ) - Shahroud University of Medical Sciences Environmental and Occupational Health Research Center
 ( Jahanfar Shayesteh ) - Central Michigan University School of Health Sciences
 ( Shayestefar Mina ) - Semnan University of Medical Sciences School of Allied Medical Sciences

Abstract


Background: The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between metabolic syndrome and the risk of respiratory and sleep disorders in professional drivers.

Methods: This case-control study was conducted on professional drivers in Shahroud, Iran. The snoring, tiredness during daytime, observed apnea, high blood pressure, body mass index, age, neck circumference, gender (STOP-Bang) questionnaire was first used to assess obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Then, based on the questionnaire scores, the participants were divided into two groups: those with and those without OSA. The relationship between this disorder and metabolic syndrome was then studied. Data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical tests (P<0.05).

Results: Based on the STOP-Bang questionnaire, 214 drivers with a high risk of OSA and 214 drivers with low risk were recruited for the study. According to the Adult Treatment Panel III criteria, 204 drivers (47.7%) had metabolic syndrome. There was a significant relationship between driver’s license class and the risk of OSA. Metabolic syndrome components including fasting blood sugar, triglycerides, and hypertension, but not high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, were able to predict OSA in the professional drivers.

Conclusion: Given the high prevalence of metabolic syndrome and OSA, especially in drivers of high risk who may spend long hours transporting good and operating passenger vehicles, screening and treating these disorders are crucial in this part of the population. The researchers recommend holding regular training sessions about these disorders for professional drivers.

키워드

Obstructive sleep apnea; Metabolic syndrome; Drivers

원문 및 링크아웃 정보

등재저널 정보