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A Taxonomy of the Common Tasks and the Development of a Risk Index for Physical Load Assessment in Nursing Job

Safety and Health at Work 2020년 11권 3호 p.335 ~ 346
류장진, 이경선, 구정완,
소속 상세정보
류장진 ( Ryoo Jang-Jin ) - Catholic University Graduate School of Public Health
이경선 ( Lee Kyung-Sun ) - Catholic University of Pusan Department of Industrial Health
구정완 ( Koo Jung-Wan ) - Catholic University College of Medicine Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Abstract


Background: Nursing service is a nonroutine work with an excessive physical load and diverse tasks. This study derived representative common tasks based on the frequently occurring tasks with a high physical load in the nursing workers' daily work and developed indicators to evaluate the work risk by reflecting the characteristics of nonroutine work.

Methods: Common tasks were classified through the following stages: literature review, first focus group interview (FGI) with experts, first classification of common tasks, second FGI with hospital health managers, a survey of nursing service workers, and the final classification of common tasks for each task type. To develop an objective risk index for physical load assessment, we investigated the frequency and duration of the derived common tasks via survey.

Results: Nursing common tasks were categorized into six task types and 56 subtasks. To evaluate the risks of various tasks in nonroutine works, three frequencies and three working time levels were defined by examining the task frequency and working hours. Exposure time was defined to reflect the characteristics of a nonroutine job. The final risk assessment was the product of the exposure time level and job intensity level. From this, four risk action levels were derived.

Conclusion: This study has the advantage of solving the problem of focusing on some tasks in evaluating the physical load. It was meaningful in that a new risk assessment index based on exposure time was proposed based on the development of an evaluation scale for frequency and time by reflecting the characteristics of nonroutine work.

키워드

musculoskeletal diseases/musculoskeletal disorders; risk assessment; Republic of Korea nursing occupations; task classification

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