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임상실습 전 간호대학생의 감염성질환 항체 양성률 및 예방접종 현황

The Seroprevalence and Vaccination Status for Infectious Diseases in Nursing Students before Clinical Practice

의료관련감염관리 2020년 25권 2호 p.146 ~ 153
박진희, 정영주,
소속 상세정보
박진희 ( Park Jin-Hee ) - Woosuk University College of Nursing
정영주 ( Jeong Young-Ju ) - Chonbuk National University College of Nursing

Abstract


Background: This study aimed to investigate the seroprevalence of anti-Hepatitis B virus, anti-Hepatitis A virus, and chickenpox in nursing students before the initiation of their clinical practice, nursing students in medical institutions, the current immunization status of those without antibodies for measlesmumps-rubella and influenza.

Methods: The data was collected using the result sheet and vaccination certificate. This study investigated the seroprevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis A, chickenpox, vaccination status of those who have not formed antibodies, and vaccination status of measles, mumps, rubella, and influenza before the clinical practice of second-year nursing college students in the Jeonbuk region from 2014 to 2018.

Results: A total of 461 students were included in this study. The results indicated that sero-prevalence was 25.8-35.6% for hepatitis B, 10.3-34.4% for hepatitis A, and 54.0-73.0% for chickenpox. Those who have not formed antibodies received the 1st and 2nd vaccination, but it did not confirm whether they received complete immunization. Vaccination of measles, mumps, rubella, and influenza was 100%.

Conclusion: Nursing students got vaccination after checking whether antibodies of preventable infectious diseases were formed before clinical practice. Therefore, this is expected to have a preventive effect against these diseases during the clinical practice period.

키워드

Clinical practice; Infectious disease; Nursing student; Seroprevalence; Vaccination

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