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Metabolically Healthy and Unhealthy Normal Weight and Obesity

Endocrinology and Metabolism 2020년 35권 3호 p.487 ~ 493
Stefan Norbert,
소속 상세정보
 ( Stefan Norbert ) - University Hospital of Tubingen Department of Internal Medicine

Abstract


Increased fat mass is an established risk factor for the cardiometabolic diseases type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and is associated with increased risk of all-cause and CVD mortality. However, also very low fat mass associates with such an increased risk. Whether impaired metabolic health, characterized by hypertension, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and subclinical inflammation, may explain part of the elevated risk of cardiometabolic diseases that is found in many subjects with very low fat mass, as it does in many obese subjects, is unknown. An important pathomechanism of impaired metabolic health is disproportionate fat distribution. In this article the risk of cardiometabolic diseases and mortality in subjects with metabolically healthy and unhealthy normal weight and obesity is summarized. Furthermore, the change of metabolic health during a longer period of follow-up and its impact on cardiometabolic diseases is being discussed. Finally, the implementation of the concept of metabolic health in daily clinical practice is being highlighted.

키워드

Obesity; Normal weight; Metabolic health; Fatty liver; Obesity, abdominal; Insulin resistance; Subclinical inflammation; Diabetes mellitus, type 2; Cardiovascular diseases

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MEDLINE
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KoreaMed
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