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Current National and International Guidelines for the Management of Male Hypogonadism: Helping Clinicians to Navigate Variation in Diagnostic Criteria and Treatment Recommendations

Endocrinology and Metabolism 2020년 35권 3호 p.526 ~ 540
Al-Sharefi Ahmed, Quinton Richard,
소속 상세정보
 ( Al-Sharefi Ahmed ) - Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Department of Endocrinology
 ( Quinton Richard ) - Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Department of Endocrinology

Abstract


Male hypogonadism?rebadged by some as testosterone deficiency syndrome?is a clinical and biochemical diagnosis of increasing worldwide interest. Organic male hypogonadism?usually permanent?is well-established, but aging men may also exhibit lower serum testosterone levels; principally due to burden of extra-gonadal comorbidities such as obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome, but with an underlying intact hypothalamo-pituitary-testicular (HPT) axis capable of springing back into operation once comorbidities are addressed. Despite encouraging observational data and plausible theoretical underpinning, evidence for efficacy and safety of testosterone in this “aging” group of men is lacking; addressing comorbid illnesses remains the key priority instead. Nevertheless, in recent years, accumulation of misleading information online has triggered a global tsunami of testosterone prescriptions. Despite this, many men with organic hypogonadism remain undiagnosed or untreated; many more face a diagnostic odyssey before achieving care by the appropriate specialist. As testosterone therapy is not without risk several clinical practice guidelines have been published specialist societies to guide physicians on best practice. However, these are heterogeneous in key areas, reflecting divergent approaches to the same evidence basis. Herein, we navigate the major clinical practice guidelines on male hypogonadism and test their respective recommendations against current best evidence.

키워드

Hypogonadism; Testosterone; Sexual dysfunction; Practice guideline; Male aging

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