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Discrepancy of Medical Terminology Regarding Colorectal Surgery Between South and North Korea

Annals of Coloproctology 2018년 34권 5호 p.248 ~ 252
고다영, 오흥권, Jo Jang-Whan, Yang Hyun-Hui, 김민현, 김명조, 김덕우, 강성범,
소속 상세정보
고다영 ( Ko Da-Young ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Surgery
오흥권 ( Oh Heung-Kwon ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Surgery
 ( Jo Jang-Whan ) - National Medical Center Department of Surgery
 ( Yang Hyun-Hui ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Surgery
김민현 ( Kim Min-Hyun ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Surgery
김명조 ( Kim Myung-Jo ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Surgery
김덕우 ( Kim Duck-Woo ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Surgery
강성범 ( Kang Sung-Bum ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Surgery

Abstract


Purpose: We aimed to investigate the extent of heterogeneity in medical terminology between South and North Korea by comparing medical terms related to the colorectal system.

Methods: North Korean medical terms were collected from the sections on diseases of the small intestine and colon in a surgery textbook from North Korea, and those terms were compared with their corresponding terms in a South Korean medical terminology textbook. The terms were categorized as either identical, similar, showing disparity, or not used in South Korea. In a subsection analysis, the terms were allocated to pathophysiology, diagnosis, symptoms and examination, drugs, testing, treatment, or others according to the categorization used in the textbook.

Results: We found 705 terms in the North Korean textbook, most of which were pathophysiological terms (206, 29.2%), followed by diagnostic terms (165, 23.4%) and symptom and examination terms (122, 17.3%). Treatment-, drug-, and testing-related terms constituted 15.5%, 5.8%, and 4.1% of the 705 terms, respectively. There were 331 identical terms (47.0%) and 146 similar terms (20.7%); 126 terms (17.9%) showed disparity. Another 102 terms (14.5%) were not used in South Korea. The pathophysiological terms were the least heterogeneous, with 61.2% being identical terms used in both countries. However, 26.8% of the terms in the drug category were not used in South Korea.

Conclusion: The present study showed that less than 50% of the terms for the colorectal system used in South and North Korea were identical. As the division between South and North Korea persists, the heterogeneity of medical terminology is expected to increase.

키워드

Terminology; Colorectal surgery; Intestines; Language

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