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Sonographic measure techniques of fetal penile length

Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 2020년 63권 5호 p.555 ~ 564
Soto Alvaro Lopez, Gonzalez Jose Luis Meseguer, Lopez-Perez Rocio, Fernandez Monica Lorente, Martinez-Uriarte Juan, Izquierdo Olivia Garcia,
소속 상세정보
 ( Soto Alvaro Lopez ) - Hospital General Santa Lucia Prenatal Diagnosis Unit
 ( Gonzalez Jose Luis Meseguer ) - Hospital General Santa Lucia Prenatal Diagnosis Unit
 ( Lopez-Perez Rocio ) - Hospital General Santa Lucia Prenatal Diagnosis Unit
 ( Fernandez Monica Lorente ) - Hospital General Santa Lucia Prenatal Diagnosis Unit
 ( Martinez-Uriarte Juan ) - Hospital General Santa Lucia Prenatal Diagnosis Unit
 ( Izquierdo Olivia Garcia ) - Hospital General Santa Lucia Prenatal Diagnosis Unit

Abstract


Postnatal penile length is a reliable, standardized, and widely used marker for the diagnosis of genitourinary pathology, as well as genetic and hormonal disorders. In contrast, prenatal diagnosis has not been developed equally and there is a lack of relevant literature. Our objective is to review the studies on fetal penile length, and apply findings to clinical practice. Although the most used technique is the outer penile length, there is no consensus regarding the appropriate technique for prenatal measurement. Several reports have provided reference data with high correlation. However, important issues like poor correlation with post-natal measures or presence of confounding variables are still present. Diagnosis of both a micropenis and macropenis can indicate related pathologies, and this information may benefit parental counseling and facilitate fetal management. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out prospective studies that provide reliable normative data.

키워드

Fetal ultrasonography; Micropenis; Hypospadias; Fetal therapy; Genital system

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