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국립인천공항검역소 코로나바이러스감염증-19 변이바이러스 관련 검역강화 대응보고

Strengthened COVID-19 Medical Triage Response to the Influx of Variants at the Incheon Airport National Quarantine Station, 202

주간 건강과 질병 2021년 14권 6호 p.290 ~ 296
박지윤, 박지윤, 김지연, 양진선, 김진숙,
소속 상세정보
박지윤 ( Park Ji-Yun ) - Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency Incheon Airport National Quarantine Station
박지윤 ( Park Ji-Yun ) - Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency Incheon Airport National Quarantine Station
김지연 ( Kim Ji-Yeon ) - Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency Incheon Airport National Quarantine Station
양진선 ( Yang Jin-Sun ) - Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency Incheon Airport National Quarantine Station
김진숙 ( Kim Jin-Sook ) - Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency Incheon Airport National Quarantine Station

Abstract

본 보고서는 해외 변이바이러스 발생에 따라 국립인천공항검역소에서의 코로나바이러스감염증-19(이하 코로나19) 검역대응결과를 공유하여, 추가적인 변이바이러스 발생국가로부터 확진환자의 유입 시 신속한 검역 대응에 도움이 되고자 한다.
국립인천공항검역소는 국내 변이바이러스가 확인되지 않을 시기에 해외 코로나19 변이바이러스 발생 동향을 모니터링하였으며, 정부에서의 확산방지를 위한 관리정책이 마련되기 전까지 해당국 입국자에 대해 감시 강화 및 전수검사 등 검역을 실시하였다.
해외를 중심으로 변이바이러스가 확대됨에 따라 발생 국가 체류자에 대해 체온기준 강화 및 동반입국자에 대해 1차적으로 검역을 강화하였고, 변이바이러스 발생 국가에서 국내 확진환자 발생 시에는 변이바이러스 가능성을 두고 우선순위 선별대상을 전수검사로 강화한 결과 변이바이러스 발생 3국가(영국, 남아프리카공화국, 브라질)의 첫 사례를 인천공항 선별진료소에서 확진하였다.
이에 지역사회로의 전파를 사전에 차단하여 검역성과를 확인하였다

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) has undergone many changes and variants have been reported worldwide. Three variants that share the N501Y mutation were identified: one in the United Kingdom (UK) identified as B.1.1.7, one in Republic of South Africa identified as B.1.351, and one in Brazil identified as P.1. Although mutations are an expected part of the spread of any virus, continued monitoring, prevention and surveillance are essential. The aim of this report was to share the results of the medical triage response to the influx of COVID-19 variants at the Incheon Airport National Quarantine Station (IANQS). Findings indicated that the IANQS adapted the COVID-19 medical triage for variant countries through the adjustment of body temperature, epidemiological investigations of inbound arrivals, and COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing of all inbound arrivals from variant countries. As a result of strengthened COVID-19 medical triage and reinforced quarantine for arrivals from variant countries, and by responding quickly to national policy according to the influx of variants, the first case from three variant countries was confirmed at the IANQS in December 2020(B.1.1.7), and two other variants were confirmed at the IANQS in January 2021(B.1.351, P.1). Although variant cases are expected to continue, community transmission was blocked in advance due to the medical triage response at the IANQS. This report recommended that the IANQS continue to block the spread of identified variants and be prepared to respond to emerging variants.

키워드

코로나바이러스감염증-19; 변이바이러스; B.1.1.7, B.1.351; P.1; 국립인천공항검역소
COVID-19; Variant; B.1.1.7; B.1.351; P.1; Incheon Airport National Quarantine Station (IANQS)

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