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Oral characteristics and dental management of chronic GVHD patients: A case report

대한장애인치과학회지 2020년 16권 1호 p.16 ~ 20
송민선, 김익환, 강정민,
소속 상세정보
송민선 ( Song Min-Sun ) - Yonsei University College of Dentistry Department of Pediatric Dentistry
김익환 ( Kim Ik-Hwan ) - Yonsei University College of Dentistry Department of Pediatric Dentistry
강정민 ( Kang Chung-Min ) - Yonsei University College of Dentistry Department of Pediatric Dentistry

Abstract


Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is an allo-immune inflammatory process and a common complication following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Chronic GVHD affects many organs, of which the oral cavity is the most frequently affected site. Its major oral symptoms are lichenoid mucosal lesions, salivary gland dysfunction, trismus, and hyperkeratotic lesions. A 5-year-old patient with chronic GVHD visited the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Yonsei University Dental Hospital with dysphagia and a tongue lesion. A white hyperkeratotic plaque on the tongue and rampant dental caries were observed on oral examination. Radiographic examination revealed congenitally missing upper second premolars and altered root development of upper and lower central incisors and first molars. A steroid gargle was prescribed for the tongue lesion. In two years, the lesion was observed to have spread to a wider area. The steroid treatment was replaced with supportive treatment such as saline gargle for xerostomia, and prophylaxis for dental caries/secondary infection was performed. It is essential to observe oral symptoms periodically and render supportive care in concurrence with steroid therapy.

키워드

GVHD; Oral symptom; Supportive treatment; Steroid

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