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Review of Successful Control of Parasitic Infections in Korea

Infection & Chemotherapy 2020년 52권 3호 p.427 ~ 440
홍성태, 용태순,
소속 상세정보
홍성태 ( Hong Sung-Tae ) - Seoul National University College of Medicine Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine
용태순 ( Yong Tai-Soon ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Department of Environmental Medical Biology

Abstract


Korea had been one of hyperendemic countries of human parasitic infections until 1970s. In 1966, the Law for the Prevention of Parasitic Diseases was enacted, and the nationwide anti-parasitic control program began in 1969. The initiation of the national program was supported financially by Japan. The program included screening of whole students in Korea and treatment of all egg positive cases twice a year, and ended in 1995. In addition to student program, deworming campaign was run in the community, and 8 national status surveys were implemented from 1971 to 2012. Whole helminth egg positive rate was 84.3% in 1971 and decreased to 2.6% in 2012. Ascaris and other intestinal nematodes, Paragonimus, Taenia, and intestinal protozoa had decreased significantly throughout the country, but Clonorchis sinensis and intestinal trematodes are still prevalent locally in endemic areas. Lymphatic filariasis had been endemic in Jeju-do and other southern islands but elimination was endorsed in 2008. The control of parasitic infection in Korea was successful with statistical prevalence data, which can be a benchmarking model. In conclusion, the successful control in Korea could be achieved by social agreement of the priority, professional guidelines and systematic approach with good anthelminthics supply, and simultaneous economic growth.

키워드

Korea; Intestinal helminths; Lymphatic filariasis; Elimination; National status

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