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History and Current Status of Malaria in Korea

Infection & Chemotherapy 2020년 52권 3호 p.441 ~ 452
채종일,
소속 상세정보
채종일 ( Chai Jong-Yil ) - Korea Association of Health Promotion Institute of Parasitic Diseases

Abstract


Vivax malaria which had been highly prevalent in Korea disappeared rapidly from the 1960s to 1984 when domestic occurrence of cases stopped. However, malaria reemerged in 1993 near the demilitarized zone (DMZ) bordering with North Korea. The number of patients thereafter increased exponentially year after year totaling 35,526 cases by the end of 2015. A small number of cases (1 - 53 patients annually) also occurred among the United States military personnel camping in Korea. However, after the 2010s the number of annual malaria cases has been decreasing slowly in Korea. Several reports on malaria situation in North Korea described high malaria prevalence after 1997 which peaked during 1999 - 2002 and has been decreasing thereafter. At the beginning of the reemergence, the majority of cases (60 - 90%) were soldiers aged 20 - 25 years camping around the northern parts of Gyeonggi-do and Gangwon-do (Province), Korea just facing the DMZ. However, as the outbreak continued more civilians were infected. The course of illness was relatively mild, and chemotherapy with chloroquine in combination with primaquine was successful in most of the patients. Mass chemoprophylaxis combined with mosquito control activities greatly contributed to the decline of malaria situation among Korean military soldiers.

키워드

Vivax malaria; Plasmodium vivax; History; Current status; Epidemiology

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