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The Levels of COVID-19 Related Health Literacy among University Students in Vietnam

Infection & Chemotherapy 2021년 53권 1호 p.107 ~ 117
Duong Minh Cuong, Nguyen Hong Trang, Duong Bich Thuy, Vu Minh Thuy,
소속 상세정보
 ( Duong Minh Cuong ) - University of New South Wales School of Population Health
 ( Nguyen Hong Trang ) - Phenikaa University Faculty of Nursing
 ( Duong Bich Thuy ) - Hospital for Tropical Diseases
 ( Vu Minh Thuy ) - Phenikaa University Faculty of Nursing

Abstract


Background: Vietnam is among the few countries that were successful in the fight against the first wave of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, subsequent domestic outbreaks of COVID-19 continue to occur. To sharp the community education program to guarantee the final success in the fight against COVID-19 in Vietnam and comparable countries, we examined the levels of COVID-19 knowledge and associated predictors among university students in Vietnam.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on all students enrolling at Phenikaa University using a self-developed questionnaire consisted of 20 questions regarding COVID-19's risk factors, transmission routes, symptoms, and prevention.

Results: Among 728 participants, 40.9% were male, 63.2% studied health-related majors, and 18.1% lived alone. Correct response rates ranged from 25.3% to 98.9% across 20 questions. Only 51.9% (378/728) of participants had good knowledge levels. Studying health majors (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 0.547, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.398 - 0.751, P <0.001), and living with the seniors (AOR 0.612, 95% CI 0.389 - 0.963, P = 0.034) or with friends (AOR 0.405, 95% CI 0.252 ? 0.650, P <0.001) were negatively associated with a poor level of COVID-19 knowledge.

Conclusion: The proportion of university students having good knowledge levels is suboptimal. It is essential to improve the quality of COVID-19 education with a more focus on not only the preventive measures, but also the disease itself. More studies are needed to improve the level of COVID-19 knowledge among those living alone or do not study health-related majors.

키워드

COVID-19 knowledge; Vietnam; University students; Community education

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