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Riboflavin Inhibits Growth of Helicobacter pylori by Down-regulation of polA and dnaB Genes

Biomedical Science Letters 2020년 26권 4호 p.288 ~ 295
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Abstract


Infection of Helicobacter pylori on gastric mucosa is associated with various gastric diseases. According to the WHO, H. pylori causes gastric cancer and has been classified as a class I carcinogen. Riboflavin is an essential vitamin which presents in a wide variety of foods. Previous studies have shown that riboflavin/UVA was effective against the growth inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis and multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and had the potential for antimicrobial properties. Thus, we hypothesized that riboflavin has a potential role in the growth inhibition of H. pylori. To demonstrate inhibitory concentration of riboflavin against H. pylori, we performed agar and broth dilution methods. As a result, we found that riboflavin inhibited the growth of H. pylori. The MIC was 1 mM in agar and broth dilution test. Furthermore, to explain the inhibitory mechanism, we investigated whether riboflavin has an influence on the replicationassociated molecules of the bacteria using RT-PCR to detect mRNA expression level in H. pylori. Riboflavin treatment of H. pylori led to down-regulation of polA and dnaB mRNA expression levels in a dose dependent manner. After then, we also confirmed whether riboflavin has cytotoxicity to human cells. We used AGS, a gastric cancer cell line, and treated with riboflavin did not show statistically significant decrease of cell viability. Thus, these results indicate that riboflavin can suppress the replication machinery of H. pylori. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that riboflavin inhibits growth of H. pylori by inhibiting replication of the bacteria.

키워드

Riboflavin; Helicobacter pylori; PolA; DnaB; Antibacterial

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