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Nonrheumatoid Retro-Odontoid Pseudotumors: Characteristics, Surgical Outcomes, and Time-Dependent Regression After Posterior Fixation

Neurospine 2021년 18권 1호 p.177 ~ 187
Niwa Ryoko, Takai Keisuke, Taniguchi Makoto,
소속 상세정보
 ( Niwa Ryoko ) - Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital Department of Neurosurgery
 ( Takai Keisuke ) - Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital Department of Neurosurgery
 ( Taniguchi Makoto ) - Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital Department of Neurosurgery

Abstract


Objective: Although a retro-odontoid pseudotumor associated with rheumatoid arthritis is a well-known clinical entity, little is known about retro-odontoid pseudotumors not associated with rheumatoid arthritis due to their rarity.

Methods: Between 2006 and 2019, consecutive patients with nonrheumatoid pseudotumors were included and retrospectively compared with patients with rheumatoid pseudotumors.

Results: Nineteen patients had nonrheumatoid pseudotumors (mean age, 73 ± 6 years; male, 53%). All had cervical lesions including ossified anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments with a history of cervical surgery in 5. The mean thickness of the pseudotumors at diagnosis was 8.1 mm (range, 4.2?17.2 mm). Pseudotumor thickness had a significant negative correlation with the atlantodental interval (p = 0.008) and the subaxial range of motion (p = 0.049). In comparison with 7 rheumatoid pseudotumor patients, nonrheumatoid pseudotumor patients were older (p = 0.042), had a higher proportion of males (p = 0.023), had a smaller atlantodental interval (p = 0.007), and had larger pseudotumors at diagnosis (p = 0.030). Of the 19 patients, 18 received posterior fixation with or without C1 laminectomy, while the other received C1 laminectomy alone. The percent pseudotumor thickness at follow-up to those at diagnosis was 91%, 77%, 68%, 46%, 58%, and 49% at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months after surgery, respectively.

Conclusion: This study revealed markedly clinical and radiological differences between nonrheumatoid and rheumatoid pseudotumors. The main etiology for nonrheumatoid pseudotumors was subaxial cervical degeneration and ossified lesions. There were good outcomes following posterior fixation and time-dependent pseudotumor regression within 12 months.

키워드

Nonrheumatoid pseudotumor; Rheumatoid arthritis; Atlantoaxial instability; Thickness; Posterior approach; Surgical outcome

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