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북한 이탈 가정과 남한 가정 미취학 아동의 영양장애 발생 비율 비교

Comparison of Malnutrition Status in Preschool Children between North Korean Refugee Families and South Korean Families

보건정보통계학회지 2020년 45권 3호 p.255 ~ 260
김소영, 박선영, 최성우,
소속 상세정보
김소영 ( Kim So-Yeong ) - Chosun University Graduate School Department of Health Science
박선영 ( Park Seon-Young ) - Donggang University Department of Health Administration
최성우 ( Choi Seong-Woo ) - Chosun University College of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine

Abstract


Objectives: This study compared the malnutrition status of North Korean refugee families preschoolers and South Korean families preschoolers.

Methods: This study analyzed 1:2 match preschool children in a South Korea families with the same sex and age as those in a North Korea refugee families. The preschool children in North Korea refugee families were interviewed directly, while preschool children in South Korea families used the National Health and Nutrition Survey. The general characteristics of the study subjects were analyzed using frequency and proportion, mean and standard deviation, and the average difference between preschoolers in North Korean and preschoolers in South Korea was t-test, distribution. Chi-square test was used for the difference. The significance level for all analyzes was defined as less than 0.05.

Results: The rate of stunting was 0.9% for preschool children in South Korean families and 5.4% for preschool children in North Korean refugee families (p= 0.018). WHZ > 2.0 was 10.7% for preschool children in North Korean refugee families and 2.7% for preschool children in South Korean families (p= 0.004).

Conclusions: Malnutrition was still a problem for North Korean refugee preschool children and overweight has been newly identified.

키워드

Democratic people’s Republic of Korea; Nutrition; Preschool children; Refugee

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