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An exploratory study of risk factors for pressure injury in patients undergoing spine surgery

Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 2021년 16권 1호 p.108 ~ 115
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Abstract


Background: Perioperative patients are potentially at risk for pressure injuries due to anesthetic agents and surgical positioning. Pressure injury increases discomfort and pain in patients and causes complications, which lead to an increase in mortality and hospitalization duration. Most previous studies did not focus on specific types of surgery or surgical positioning. We tried to identify the incidence of perioperative pressure injury during spinal surgery and perioperative risk factors that contribute to pressure injury.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed electronic medical records of 663 patients who underwent spinal surgery between March 2016 and May 2018. The primary outcome was occurrence of pressure injury. Potential risk factors of pressure injury were selected based on previous studies and expert opinion, and divided into two sub-categories: preoperative and intraoperative risk factors. We compared the clinical characteristics of patients in the pressure injury and non-injury groups. Perioperative risk factors for pressure injury were analyzed by logistic regression.

Results: Among 663 patients, the incidence of all stages of pressure injury was 5.9%. The face and inguinal regions were the most injured sites (both 28.6%). The pressure injury group showed a 13% longer hospitalization period. Preoperative plasma concentration of protein was associated with 0.5-fold lower pressure injury (OR: 0.50; 95% CI: 0.27 to 0.95; P = 0.034).

Conclusions: The incidence of pressure injury was similar to that previously reported and occurred in the direct weight-bearing areas, which led to longer hospitalization. We found that a lower preoperative serum protein level is significantly associated with intraoperative pressure injury occurrence during spinal surgery.

키워드

Anesthesia; Neoplasm; Orthopedics; Pressure ulcer; Protein; Risk factors; Skin ulcer

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