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Proper Tooth-Brushing Technique According to Patient’s Age and Oral Status

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Abstract


Tooth brushing is a basic technique to prevent major oral diseases (e.g., dental caries and periodontal disease). Several methods of tooth brushing technique devised by some dental scholars have been introduced. However, some guidelines to select the proper method are needed for an individual patient considering age and oral status. Methods such as rolling, Fones’, Bass, Stillman, Charters, Watanabe’s tooth-pick, and other modifications have been introduced. The rolling technique was recommended for general use, the Fones’ technique for preschool children, the Bass technique for the patient with gingivitis with gingival sulcus problem, the Stillman technique for widespread gingivitis, and the Charters technique for bridge wearer. Moreover, fixed-type orthodontic appliance wearer is recommended to use the mix-type methods as Bass, rolling, and Charters. Moreover, the Watanabe’s technique would be available for patients with a dental implant or periodontal problem. The denture wearer should clean the denture with a partial denture brush for a partial denture and a full denture brush for a full denture with the rolling method or its modification. The selection of the proper tooth brushing method suggested in this article would be one of the guidelines for clinical use of tooth brushing instruction for preventive measures.

키워드

tooth brushing; oral status; simple plaque score; dental caries; periodontal diseases

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