잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

Dietary and Lifestyle Factors Associated with Gastric and Pancreatic Cancers: A Case-Control Study

Preventive Nutrition and Food Science 2021년 26권 1호 p.30 ~ 39
Al-Awwad Narmeen J., Allehdan Sabika S., Al-Jaberi Tareq, Hushki Ahmad, Albtoush Yazan, Bani-Hani Kamal, Tayyem Reema Fayez,
소속 상세정보
 ( Al-Awwad Narmeen J. ) - Hashemite University Faculty of Applied Health Sciences Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics
 ( Allehdan Sabika S. ) - Hashemite University Faculty of Applied Health Sciences Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics
 ( Al-Jaberi Tareq ) - Jordan University of Science and Technology Faculty of Medicine Department of Surgery and Urology
 ( Hushki Ahmad ) - King Hussein Cancer Center Gastroenterology Division
 ( Albtoush Yazan ) - Al-Bashir Hospital Gastroenterology Division
 ( Bani-Hani Kamal ) - Hashemite University Faculty of Medicine Department of General and Special Surgery
 ( Tayyem Reema Fayez ) - Qatar University College of Health Science Department of Human Nutrition

Abstract


Gastric cancer (GC) and pancreatic cancer (PC) are the third and seventh most likely cancers to cause death worldwide. We aimed to determine the dietary and lifestyle factors of patients with GC or PC and their associated risk among Jordanians. This case-control study enrolled 587 adults (patients with PC, 101; patients with GC, 172; healthy controls, 314) between March 2015 and August 2018, who were assessed using interview-based personal and physical activity questionnaires. Multivariable logistic regression models were taken as measures for predictors of GC and PC risk. We showed that GC and PC patients had higher pre-diagnosis body-mass indexes, a greater proportion smoked and had a family history of cancer than controls. Furthermore, consumption of two snacks [odds ratios (OR)=0.44, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.23∼0.85], three snacks (OR=0.04, 95% CI: 0.01∼0.23) and no meals eaten outside (OR=0.31, 95% CI: 0.09∼0.99) showed a protective effect against GC, and consumption of three snacks (OR=0.08, 95% CI: 0.02∼0.40) reduced significantly the risk of PC. These results suggest that bodyweight, physical activity, smoking, and family history of cancer are among factors that affect GC and PC risk among Jordanians.

키워드

body mass index; gastric cancer; pancreatic cancer; physical activity; smoking

원문 및 링크아웃 정보

등재저널 정보