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Recent trends of healthcare information and communication technologies in pediatrics: a systematic review

Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics 2022년 65권 6호 p.291 ~ 299
정세영, 이기혁, 황희,
소속 상세정보
정세영 ( Jung Se-Young ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Family Medicine
이기혁 ( Lee Kee-Hyuck ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Family Medicine
황희 ( Hwang Hee ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Pediatrics

Abstract


As information communication technology (ICT) has advanced, the healthcare industry has embraced it to reduce medical costs, improve health outcomes, and increase patient satisfaction. Healthcare ICT revolutionizes pediatric healthcare. This study aimed to categorize and synthesize findings from the literature regarding the application of ICT in pediatric patients. This systematic review is based on a comprehensive search of Embase, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar. Study selection and coding were performed independently by 2 researchers, followed by narrative categorization. To reflect current trends in ICT for pediatrics, we adopted the Hype cycle technology classification developed by the advisory and information technology firm, Gartner, and the classification of digital health interventions by the World Health Organization. This study included a total of 135 studies. The analysis revealed 7 main types of ICT for pediatrics: (1) telehealth (39 papers), (2) precision medicine (2 papers), (3) automated decision support systems (17 papers), (4) electronic health records (7 papers), (5) patient portals (7 papers), (6) artificial intelligence (AI) (39 papers), and (7) mobile and wearable technologies (20 papers). In particular, we consistently found references to ICT for pediatrics as well as changing and improving healthcare for children. Further studies are required to determine how we can improve ICT productivity for pediatrics, particularly through AI. This study’s results will help healthcare delivery organizations and technology companies consider the future direction of pediatric healthcare.

키워드

Information communication technology; Telemedicine; Artificial intelligence

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