잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

Neurodevelopmental outcomes and comorbidities of children with congenital muscular torticollis: evaluation using the National Health Screening Program for Infants and Children database

Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics 2022년 65권 6호 p.312 ~ 319
김옥향, 이승원, 하은교, 김주희, 조윤혜, 이성영, 한만용, 채규영,
소속 상세정보
김옥향 ( Kim Og-Hyang ) - CHA University School of Medicine CHA Bundang Medical Center Department of Pediatrics
이승원 ( Lee Seung-Won ) - Sejong University College of Software Convergence Department of Data Science
하은교 ( Ha Eun-Kyo ) - Hallym University Medical Center Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital Department of Pediatrics
김주희 ( Kim Ju-Hee ) - Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital Department of Pediatrics
조윤혜 ( Jo Yun-Hye ) - Gachon University Department of Global Economic
이성영 ( Rhie Seong-Yeong ) - CHA University School of Medicine CHA Bundang Medical Center Department of Pediatrics
한만용 ( Han Man-Yong ) - CHA University School of Medicine CHA Bundang Medical Center Department of Pediatrics
채규영 ( Chae Kyu-Young ) - CHA University School of Medicine CHA Bundang Medical Center Department of Pediatrics

Abstract


Background: Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a common musculoskeletal disorder occurring at birth or in infancy.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the risk of comorbidities in CMT and explore the differences in neurodevelopmental outcomes between children who received physical therapy and those who did not.

Methods: Children with CMT born in 2008 and 2009 in Korea were included. CMT was defined as a primary diagnosis of congenital deformity of sternocleidomastoid muscle according to the International Classification of Diseases 10th revision. Here we investigated the associated neurological/musculoskeletal comorbidities of children with CMT versus those of the general population. We divided those with torticollis into treatment and nontreatment groups and assessed their developmental outcomes within both groups of children using the Korean-Ages and Stages Questionnaire (K-ASQ).

Results: Of the 917,707 children, 0.2% (n=1,719) were diagnosed with CMT. In children with torticollis, the prevalence of congenital hip deformities significantly increased to 4.5% (n=78). The prevalence of congenital head/spine deformities and other congenital malformations of the skull and facial bones increased to 2.6% (n=44), while the prevalence of congenital foot deformities was 2.4% (n=42). The risk ratio (RR) for delayed development based on the K-ASQ was higher for the total assessment (adjusted RR=0.97; 95% confidence interval, 0.93?0.99) in the CMT patients without physical therapy than in those with therapy. There was no significant intergroup difference in the assessment of each developmental area.

Conclusion: The prevalence of comorbid musculoskeletal deformities was higher in children with CMT than in the control group. The risk of developmental delay was higher in children who did not receive physical therapy than in those who did.

키워드

Congenital torticollis; Child; Comorbidity; Developmental disabilities

원문 및 링크아웃 정보

 

등재저널 정보