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Effect of Calcium Derived from Lithothamnion sp. on Markers of Calcium Metabolism in Premenopausal Women

Journal of Medicinal Food 2018년 21권 2호 p.154 ~ 158
Zenk John L., Frestedt Joy L., Kuskowski Michael A.,
소속 상세정보
 ( Zenk John L. ) - Zenk Medical Consulting LLC
 ( Frestedt Joy L. ) - Alimentix
 ( Kuskowski Michael A. ) - Veterans Administration Medical Center Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center

Abstract


A double-blind crossover pilot trial tested the hypothesis that botanically derived calcium could demonstrate greater influence over calcium metabolism markers compared with a nonplant-derived calcium carbonate supplement or placebo. Twelve fasting female subjects received a single oral dose of Aquamin F™ (derived from the marine algal Lithothamnion sp.), or calcium carbonate, or placebo. Blood and urine samples were collected at baseline and over 12?h to evaluate ionized and total calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH). Subjects treated with Aquamin F demonstrated significantly greater urinary clearance of calcium after 12?h compared with placebo (P?=?.004). Following a meal at 90?min, subjects treated with Aquamin F demonstrated a more prolonged suppression of serum PTH concentration (significantly lower than placebo at 90, 120, and 240?min). Calcium carbonate provided an intermediate response; urinary clearance was not significantly different from placebo treatment and PTH was only significantly lower than placebo at 90?min. Aquamin F may demonstrate greater influence over these markers of calcium metabolism than calcium carbonate or placebo, as suggested by a greater calciuric response and a more prolonged suppression of serum PTH concentrations following a meal in premenopausal women.

키워드

calcium carbonate; calcium supplements; Lithothamnion sp.; low bone mass; osteoporosis; parathyroid hormone

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