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Effects of Dried Apple Consumption on Body Composition, Serum Lipid Profile, Glucose Regulation, and Inflammatory Markers in Overweight and Obese Children

Journal of Medicinal Food 2020년 23권 3호 p.242 ~ 249
Eisner Ashley, Ramachandran Pavithra, Cabalbag Conralyn, Metti Dina, Shamloufard Pouneh, Kern Mark, 홍미영, Hooshmand Shirin,
소속 상세정보
 ( Eisner Ashley ) - San Diego State University School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences
 ( Ramachandran Pavithra ) - San Diego State University School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences
 ( Cabalbag Conralyn ) - San Diego State University School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences
 ( Metti Dina ) - San Diego State University School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences
 ( Shamloufard Pouneh ) - San Diego State University School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences
 ( Kern Mark ) - San Diego State University School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences
홍미영 ( Hong Mee-Young ) - San Diego State University School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences
 ( Hooshmand Shirin ) - San Diego State University School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences

Abstract


Consumption of fruits reduces the risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease; however, very few studies have investigated the effect of fruit consumption in overweight and obese children. We examined whether consuming dried apple as a snack is a practical solution for weight loss and improves body composition and metabolic markers. Thirty-eight overweight or obese children aged 10 to 16 years were randomly assigned to one of two groups consuming twice daily 120 kcal serving per day of either dried apple or a control snack (muffin) for 8 weeks. Body weight, height, waist circumference, and body composition were determined during an initial visit and after 8 weeks of intervention. Blood samples were collected to measure serum concentrations of blood lipids, glucose, insulin, proinsulin, total adiponectin, and C-reactive protein, as well as total antioxidant capacity and activity of glutathione peroxidase. Body weight increased in the muffin group (P?=?.01). BodPod and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry showed that fat-free mass increased (P?

키워드

antioxidant; BMI; cholesterol; fruit; insulin; kids

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