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N-Oleoyl-Phosphatidyl-Ethanolamine and Epigallo Catechin-3-Gallate Mitigate Oxidative Stress in Overweight and Class I Obese People on a Low-Calorie Diet

Journal of Medicinal Food 2020년 23권 3호 p.319 ~ 325
Cazzola Roberta, Rondanelli Mariangela,
소속 상세정보
 ( Cazzola Roberta ) - University of Milan Department of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences
 ( Rondanelli Mariangela ) - University of Pavia Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine

Abstract


Oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation are considered key factors linking obesity with its associated complications. Epigallo catechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and oleoylethanolamide, together with its phospholipid precursor N-oleoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (NOPE), are nutritional compounds that might improve the oxidative stress status of obese people. Unfortunately, the bioavailability of these compounds is low; however, the coadministration of NOPE with EGCG has been shown to ameliorate both the plasma availability of EGCG and the intestinal levels of NOPE in rats. This double-blind placebo-controlled study investigated the effects of 2 months' supplementation with EGCG complexed with NOPE, combined with moderate energy restriction, on plasma oxidative status of overweight and class I obese subjects. A total of 138 subjects (body mass index: 25?35?kg/m2) were recruited and randomized into two groups: the first (n?=?67) received caps of placebo and the second (n?=?71) caps of an oily dispersion of EGCG complexed with NOPE for 2 months. Subjects' supplementation was combined with moderate energy restriction (?800 kcal/day). Plasma oxidative status was determined by measuring the levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL), malondialdehyde and reactive oxygen metabolites, and by calculating the lag time and the slope of Cu-induced lipid peroxidation kinetics. In total 116 subjects (27?M/89 F) completed the supplementation period, 49 in the placebo group and 67 in the treated group. Treatment induced a similar significant weight reduction in the two groups. Moreover, we found the mean changes of Ox-LDL significantly lower and the mean changes of antioxidant capacity (lag time) significantly higher in NOPE-EGCG group than in placebo group (treatment effect mean difference: ?3.15 UL, P?

키워드

epigallo catechin-gallate; lipid peroxidation; N-oleyl-phosphatidylethanolamine; obesity; oleoylethonolamide; oxidative stress

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