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Foods from Mayan Communities of Yucatan as Nutritional Alternative for Diabetes Prevention

Journal of Medicinal Food 2020년 23권 4호 p.349 ~ 357
Narvaez Jonatan Jafet Uuh,
소속 상세정보
 ( Narvaez Jonatan Jafet Uuh ) - Autonomus University of Yucatan Faculty of Chemical Engineering

Abstract


The increase in the prevalence of diabetes has become a severe problem around the world; mainly affecting indigenous communities as the Mayan of Yucatan in Mexico. Because of the high rates of poverty and insufficient health services in this ethnic group, inexpensive and accessible treatments are necessary. Some plant foods grown in traditional Mayan agricultural systems have antidiabetic potential. Our objective was to present a review of plant foods with nutritional alternatives for diabetes prevention from traditional agricultural systems in Mayan communities of Yucatan. This review reports the hypoglycemic, antihyperglycemic, and antidiabetic activities of leaves, fruits, vegetables, grains and legumes, and tubercles grown in milpas and home gardens of Mayan communities. Some plant foods have antidiabetic effect in vitro, in vivo, and in clinical studies. Some plant foods grown in traditional Mayan agricultural systems have antidiabetic potential. The inclusion of these plant foods in the diet can serve in the treatment of diabetes.

키워드

antidiabetic; antihyperglycemic; functional foods; hypoglycemic

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