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Water Extract of Artemisia annua L. Exhibits Hepatoprotective Effects Through Improvement of Lipid Accumulation and Oxidative Stress-Induced Cytotoxicity

Journal of Medicinal Food 2020년 23권 12호 p.1312 ~ 1322
최은용, 최진욱, 박찬영, 김선희, 김동현,
소속 상세정보
최은용 ( Choi Eun-Yong ) - Sungkyun Biotech. Co. Ltd
최진욱 ( Choi Jin-Ouk ) - Seoul National University College of Medicine Department of Biomedical Sciences
박찬영 ( Park Chan-Young ) - Sungkyun Biotech. Co. Ltd
김선희 ( Kim Seon-Hee ) - Sungkyun Biotech. Co. Ltd
김동현 ( Kim Dong-Hyun ) - Seoul National University College of Medicine Department of Biomedical Sciences

Abstract


Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a metabolic liver disease with a complex underlying mechanism that has not been completely understood. Thus, effective and safe drugs for this disease are not yet available. Artemisia annua L. is a medicinal plant with potent antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. In this study, we prepared a water extract of A. annua (WEAA) and examined its potential for NAFLD treatment. First, we pretreated HepG2 cells (human hepatocarcinoma cell line) with WEAA and then treated the cells with oleic acid or tert-butylhydroperoxide to examine the effect of WEAA on the lipid accumulation and the cytotoxicity, respectively. WEAA not only inhibited lipid accumulation within HepG2 cells but also protected cells from oxidative stress-mediated damage through the activation of antioxidant enzymes (such as activation of superoxide dismutase and production of glutathione) and its own scavenging activity. Next, to confirm protective effect of the WEAA in in vivo, mice were intragastrically administered with WEAA, extract of Silybum marianum or water once a day, and simultaneously provided with high-fat diet to induce fatty liver and hepatic steatosis. Oral administration of WEAA ameliorated weight gain and hepatic lipid accumulation in high-fat diet-fed mice. Moreover, the plasma levels of triglyceride, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase were reduced in the WEAA-treated group. Our findings indicated that WEAA may be a potential intervention for preventing or treating hepatic lipid accumulation and liver damage.

키워드

antioxidant; Artemisia annua; fatty liver; high-fat diet; lipid accumulation; mugwort; NAFLD; WEAA

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