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Modus Operandi: Irrigation of the Modified Eloesser Flap in Heterogeneous Suppurative Lung Pathologies

Vishnu Rajkamal, Rai Guruprasad D., Kamath Ganesh Sevagur, Kumara Vijaya,
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 ( Vishnu Rajkamal ) - Manipal Academy of Higher Education Kasturba Medical College Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
 ( Rai Guruprasad D. ) - Manipal Academy of Higher Education Kasturba Medical College Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
 ( Kamath Ganesh Sevagur ) - Manipal Academy of Higher Education Kasturba Medical College Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
 ( Kumara Vijaya ) - Manipal Academy of Higher Education Kasturba Medical College Department of Anesthesia

Abstract


Background: Refractory empyemas with collapsed lung and persistent bronchopleural fistulas pose significant problems to thoracic surgeons and impose a substantial burden in terms of morbidity and mortality. The modified Eloesser flap procedure is a useful palliative option for clearing infections. Herein, we present our experiences with the modified Eloesser flap procedure in mixed suppurative lung pathologies with a new technique of irrigation for persistent infection.

Methods: A retrospective review was carried out of 56 patients who underwent the modified Eloesser flap with continuous irrigation at Katurba Medical College. These patients had severe morbidities and were not suitable for major thoracic resection surgery, and electively underwent modified Eloesser flap surgery. Regular follow-up was done at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. Patients with persistent infections were treated with our continuous irrigation technique.

Results: The most important finding was that all patients with active sputum acid-fast bacilli?positive findings became sputum smear?negative during the first month of follow- up. Half (50%) of the patients had a patent stoma. Eleven patients had persistent infections, necessitating continuous irrigation. The infection was fully cleared after 1 month in 9 patients, while 2 patients required second irrigation and continued to receive follow-up. In the remaining 50% of the patients, the stoma closed completely, and the lung expanded fully.

Conclusion: The modified Eloesser flap is a simple procedure. In suppurative pathologies, infections were well controlled and the general condition of the patients improved. Our continuous irrigation method showed promising results in patients with persistent purulent discharge.

키워드

Modified Eloesser flap; Lung disease; Therapeutic irrigation; Thoracic empyemas tuberculosis; Povidone-iodine

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