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Entecavir Reduced Serum Hepatitis B Core-Related Antigen in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Gut and Liver 2020년 14권 5호 p.665 ~ 668
Mak Lung-Yi, Ko Kwan-Lung, To Wai-Pan, Wong Danny Ka-Ho, Seto Wai-Kay, Fung James, Yuen Man-Fung,
소속 상세정보
 ( Mak Lung-Yi ) - University of Hong Kong Queen Mary Hospital Department of Medicine
 ( Ko Kwan-Lung ) - University of Hong Kong Queen Mary Hospital Department of Medicine
 ( To Wai-Pan ) - University of Hong Kong Queen Mary Hospital Department of Medicine
 ( Wong Danny Ka-Ho ) - University of Hong Kong Queen Mary Hospital Department of Medicine
 ( Seto Wai-Kay ) - University of Hong Kong Queen Mary Hospital Department of Medicine
 ( Fung James ) - University of Hong Kong Queen Mary Hospital Department of Medicine
 ( Yuen Man-Fung ) - University of Hong Kong Queen Mary Hospital Department of Medicine

Abstract


Serum hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) was shown to predict the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients undergoing treatment. We investigated the longitudinal profile of HBcrAg in entecavir (ETV)-treated CHB patients with subsequent HCC development. We identified HCC cases diagnosed at ≥1 year after ETV initiation. CHB patients without HCC (matched for age, sex, cirrhosis status, baseline hepatitis B virus [HBV] DNA level, and ETV treatment duration) were identified as controls at an HCC:non-HCC ratio of 1:2. Serum samples were retrieved at baseline (ETV initiation) and at 3 and 5 years of ETV therapy for HBcrAg measurement (log IU/mL). In total, 180 patients (60 HCC patients matched with 120 CHB patients without HCC; median age, 56.5 years; 80.6% male; baseline HBV DNA, 5.9 log IU/mL; median follow-up, 6.8 years) were recruited. The median time from ETV initiation to HCC development was 3.2 years. HBcrAg levels were higher in HCC cases than in controls at all three time points: 5.69 log IU/ mL versus 5.02 log IU/mL (p=0.025), 4.23 log IU/mL versus 3.36 log IU/mL (p=0.007), and 3.86 log IU/mL versus 3.36 log IU/mL (p=0.009), respectively. ETV led to similar rates of decline in HBcrAg from baseline to 3 years in both groups (0.34 log IU/mL/year vs 0.39 log IU/mL/year, p=0.774), although the decline from 3 to 5 years was slower in the non- HCC group (0.05 log IU/mL/year) than in the HCC group (0.09 log IU/mL/year, p=0.055). ETV time-dependently reduced HBcrAg in HCC and non-HCC patients. HBcrAg interpretation should consider the antiviral treatment duration.

키워드

Entecavir; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Hepatitis B core-related antigen; Chronic hepatitis B

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