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Increased Risk of Psychopathological Abnormalities in Subjects With Unilateral Hearing Loss: A Cross-Sectional Study

Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology 2021년 14권 1호 p.82 ~ 87
송재진, 구유정, 김서영, 김의태, 최영석, 정한진,
소속 상세정보
송재진 ( Song Jae-Jin ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
구유정 ( Ku Eu-Jeong ) - Chungbuk National University College of Medicine Chungbuk National University Hospital Department of Internal Medicine
김서영 ( Kim Seo-Young ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Psychiatry
김의태 ( Kim Eui-Tae ) - Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Department of Psychiatry
최영석 ( Choi Young-Seok ) - Chungbuk National University College of Medicine Chungbuk National University Hospital Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
정한진 ( Jung Hahn-Jin ) - Chungbuk National University College of Medicine Chungbuk National University Hospital Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

Abstract


Objectives: Although unilateral hearing loss (UHL) has been proven to be associated with educational and behavioral problems, few studies have investigated psychopathological abnormalities in this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychopathological influence of UHL among Korean 19-year-old males.

Methods: The authors retrospectively compared the objective personality test profiles of 602 subjects with UHL with those of 23,790 peers with normal hearing. All participants in the current study were 19-year-old males who underwent a physical examination and completed the Korean Military Multiphasic Personality Inventory for conscription at the Military Manpower Administration from February 2015 to December 2016.

Results: Significantly higher scores were found on neurosis scales in the UHL group than in the normal-hearing group (50.9± 10.8 vs. 44.9±6.0 for anxiety; 51.0±10.5 vs. 44.9±5.2 for depression; 51.1±10.4 vs. 45.1±6.81 for somatization, all P<0.001). The psychopathy scales were also significantly higher in the UHL group than in the normal-hearing group (49.3±9.4 vs. 46.3±5.7 for schizophrenia; 51.1±11.2 vs. 44.3±5.8 for personality disorders; 51.1±10.5 vs. 45.7±3.7 for paranoia, all P<0.001).

Conclusion: Nineteen-year-old males with UHL tended to have more abnormal results on personality tests than controls with normal hearing, suggesting that UHL may be related with a higher risk of psychopathology.

키워드

Hearing Loss; Psychological Comorbidity; Depression, Anxiety; Unilateral Hearing Loss

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