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Initial Experience With Robotic Modified Radical Neck Dissection Using the da Vinci Xi System Through the Bilateral Axillo-Breast Approach

Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology 2021년 14권 1호 p.137 ~ 144
최윤석, 홍용태, 이진욱,
소속 상세정보
최윤석 ( Choi Yun-Suk ) - Inha University College of Medicine Inha University Hospital Department of Surgery
홍용태 ( Hong Yong-Tae ) - Jeonbuk National University Hospital Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
이진욱 ( Yi Jin-Wook ) - Inha University College of Medicine Inha University Hospital Department of Surgery

Abstract


Objectives: The bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) to robotic thyroidectomy has been extended to modified radical neck dissection (MRND). This study assessed outcomes in patients who underwent robotic MRND through BABA using the da Vinci Xi system.

Methods: The medical records of 40 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy, bilateral central neck dissection, and MRND from September 2018 to March 2020 were reviewed retrospectively, including 12 who underwent robotic surgery and 28 who underwent open surgery. All operations were performed by a single endocrine surgeon.

Results: The operation time was significantly longer in the robotic group than in the open group (277.08±32.64 vs. 191.43± 60.43 minutes, respectively, P<0.01), but the number of retrieved lymph nodes did not differ significantly (32.58± 9.31 vs. 34.54±10.90, respectively, P=0.569). The incidence of transient hypoparathyroidism was significantly lower in the robotic group (16.7% [2/12] vs. 53.6% [15/28], P=0.041). The mean hospital stay was shorter (3.92±0.90 vs. 4.71±1.63 days) and the pain score on the first postoperative day was lower (2.92±0.29 vs. 3.18±0.67) in the robotic group. Six of the 12 patients (50%) in the robotic group had stimulated thyroglobulin levels <1.0 ng/mL.

Conclusion: Robotic MRND through BABA has several advantages, including excellent cosmetic outcomes and a lower incidence of transient hypoparathyroidism than is the case for open MRND. Robotic MRND through BABA may be a promising surgical approach compared with conventional open MRND.

키워드

Thyroid Neoplasms; Neck Dissection; Robotic Surgical Procedures

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