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Diversity of plants used in the management of hypertension by three associations of traditional healers along a climate gradient in Burkina Faso

Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine 2021년 21권 1호 p.151 ~ 162
Compaore Souleymane, Belemnaba Lazare, Hounkpevi Achille, Idohou Rodrigue, Zerbo Issouf, Ouedraogo Sylvin, Thiombiano Adjima,
소속 상세정보
 ( Compaore Souleymane ) - Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Sante Departement Medecine, Pharmacopee Traditionnelles et Pharmacie
 ( Belemnaba Lazare ) - Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Sante Departement Medecine, Pharmacopee Traditionnelles et Pharmacie
 ( Hounkpevi Achille ) - Universite d’Abomey-Calavi Faculte des Sciences Agronomiques Laboratoire de Biomathematiques et d’Estimations Forestieres
 ( Idohou Rodrigue ) - Universite d’Abomey-Calavi Faculte des Sciences Agronomiques Laboratoire de Biomathematiques et d’Estimations Forestieres
 ( Zerbo Issouf ) - Universite Joseph KI-ZERBO Laboratoire de Biologie et Ecologie Vegetales
 ( Ouedraogo Sylvin ) - Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Sante Departement Medecine, Pharmacopee Traditionnelles et Pharmacie
 ( Thiombiano Adjima ) - Universite Joseph KI-ZERBO Laboratoire de Biologie et Ecologie Vegetales

Abstract


Hypertension is a global public health problem. This study aimed to determine the diversity of plant species used by traditional healers. Thus, semi-structured interviews were carried out with 195 informants through traditional healers associations of Sanmatenga, Bazega and Zounweogo located in different phytogeographical sectors. Questionnaire referred mainly to plants vernacular names, organs used and recipes formulation. Citation frequencies and use values were calculated for each plant. Data were then submitted to comparison tests and multivariate statistics in R program. Traditional healers of Sanmatenga, Bazega and Zounweogo used respectively 70 species, 64 and 88 species for the hypertension management. However, the Jaccard index of similarity showed that there was no similarity between three associations demonstrating the importance of climatic gradient in the availability of species used. The age, sex and association belonging traditional healer did not influence species richness but, were determinants for use patterns of the plant. These results show that a sociodemographic parameter alone cannot be decisive for several local knowledge at once, but rather the interaction with other factors. Thus, the sustainable use of plant resources by the traditional healers recommends that the effects of this interaction of the various factors be taken into account.

키워드

Healers; Survey; Hypertension; Management

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