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국가대표 투기종목 선수들의 급속 체중 감량과 신체적, 심리적 고충

Rapid Weight Loss and Physical and Psychological Difficulties in National Combat Sports Athletes

대한물리의학회지 2020년 15권 3호 p.61 ~ 68
김현철, 박기준,
소속 상세정보
김현철 ( Kim Hyun-Chul ) - Korean Sport Olympic and Committee Department of Medicine and Science
박기준 ( Park Ki-Jun ) - Korean Sport Olympic and Committee Department of Medicine and Science

Abstract


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the current state of rapid weight loss and physical and mental complaints among elite combat athletes who were selected and trained as national representatives.

METHODS: A total of 127 combat athletes who had trained at the national training center in 2019 were enrolled. The questionnaire used as the survey tool was interpreted as words that Korean athletes could easily understand based on the Portuguese version of the 'Rapid Weight Loss Questionnaire' (RWLQ). χ2tests was performed to determine the differences in physical and mental changes according to sports and weight loss method.

RESULTS: Combat athletes in Korea regularly undergo rapidly weight loss within a short period of time prior to competition. There were statistically similar results in terms of weight loss method, physical and mental changes and information about weight loss according to the sport. Weight loss methods often limit food and water intake and dehydrate. The physical complaints associated with them are symptoms such as “no energy”, “dizziness”, and “muscle spasms”. The mental complaints include “irritability”, “concentration loss” and “anxiety”. These symptoms can be caused by side effects such as food intake limitation, water restriction and dehydration. Information sources for weight loss were in the order of “senior or colleagues”, “supervisor or coach”, and “Internet”. No information was obtained from a doctor or dietitian.

CONCLUSION: These results provide a baseline for predicting proper weight loss in athletes and provide useful information for developing performance enhancement as well as weight loss.

키워드

Combat athletes; Rapid weight loss; Physical complaints; Psychological complaints

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