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Evaluation of the effect of a school garden as an educational didactic tool in vegetable and fruit consumption in teenagers

Nutrition Research and Practice 2021년 15권 2호 p.235 ~ 247
Figueroa-Pina Diana Gabriela, Chavez-Servin Jorge Luis, de la Torre-Carbot Karina, del Carmen Caamano-Perez Maria, Lucas-Deecke Gabriela, Roitman-Genoud Patricia, Ojeda-Navarro Laura Regina,
소속 상세정보
 ( Figueroa-Pina Diana Gabriela ) - Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro Facultad de Ciencias Naturales
 ( Chavez-Servin Jorge Luis ) - Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro Facultad de Ciencias Naturales
 ( de la Torre-Carbot Karina ) - Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro Facultad de Ciencias Naturales
 ( del Carmen Caamano-Perez Maria ) - Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro Facultad de Ciencias Naturales
 ( Lucas-Deecke Gabriela ) - A.C. CIASPE Centro de Innovacion de Agricultura Sostenible en Pequena Escala
 ( Roitman-Genoud Patricia ) - Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro Facultad de Ciencias Naturales
 ( Ojeda-Navarro Laura Regina ) - Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro Facultad de Ciencias Naturales

Abstract


BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Increasing the consumption of vegetables and fruits in Mexico remains a challenge. Promoting sustainable food production systems through schools may be an effective way to educate young people about food and nutrition issues. A study of nutritional education in adolescents, based on the school garden, is necessary in order to evaluate its effects on the consumption of fruits and vegetables among middle- and upper-income segments of the population. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention, accompanied by a school garden as an educational teaching tool, to improve vegetable and fruit consumption by Mexican teenagers attending a private middle/high school.

SUBJECTS/METHODS: Teenagers between 12 and 18 years of age (n = 126) attending a private middle/high school in Queretaro, Mexico participated in a 3-arm, controlled, comparative impact study using a vegetable and fruit consumption frequency questionnaire, food consumption diaries, a psychosocial factor assessment questionnaire of vegetable and fruit consumption, and structured interviews. The participants were randomized into 3 experimental groups: 1) food education + school garden (FE + SG), 2) FE only, and 3) control group (CG).

RESULTS: The FE + SG and FE groups significantly increased the frequency and daily intake of vegetables and fruits compared to the CG. The FE + SG group showed greater understanding of, reflection upon, and analysis of the information they received about vegetable and fruit consumption, as well as a greater willingness to include these in their daily diet.

CONCLUSIONS: FE accompanied by a SG as a teaching tool is more effective at promoting vegetable and fruit consumption than either education alone or control in teenagers in middle-upper income segments of the population.

키워드

Vegetables; fruit; teenagers; gardening; health education

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