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Relationship Between Chronic Periodontitis and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

International Neurourology Journal 2021년 25권 1호 p.77 ~ 83
현하나, 박연원, 권영철, 조병근, 이준호,
소속 상세정보
현하나 ( Hyun Ha-Na ) - National Police Hospital Department of Dentistry
박연원 ( Park Yeon-Won ) - National Police Hospital Department of Urology
권영철 ( Kwon Young-Chol ) - National Police Hospital Department of Dentistry
조병근 ( Cho Byeng-ken ) - Dankook University College of Dentistry Department of Preventive Dentistry
이준호 ( Lee Jun-Ho ) - Eulji University Nowon Eulji Medical Center Department of Urology

Abstract


Purpose: We investigated the relationship between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)/benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and chronic periodontitis (CP).

Methods: A total of 103 middle-aged men who had received a health checkup were included. All participant data were prospectively collected. CP was defined as a 30% increase in the number of probed sites with a clinical attachment level of ≥4 mm among all probed sites. LUTS/BPH were assessed using transrectal ultrasonography, the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), uroflowmetry, and postvoiding residual urine volume.

Results: The median age, IPSS, prostate volume, and maximal flow rate were 55.0 years, 9.0, 29.0 mL, and 20.0 mL/sec, respectively. In addition, the prevalence of CP was 27.2%. The IPSS total, IPSS voiding, IPSS storage, and quality of life (QoL) scores were significantly higher in patients with CP (median [interquartile range, IQR]?IPSS total: 8.0 [5.0?13.5] vs. 12.0 [7.5?20.5], P=0.004; IPSS voiding: 5.0 [2.0?9.0] vs. 8.5 [4.0?15.0], P=0.002; IPSS storage: 3.0 [2.0?5.0] vs. 4.0 [3.0?6.0], P=0.021; QoL: 2.0 [1.0?3.0] vs. 3.0 [2.0?4.0], P=0.015). Additionally, the average flow rate was significantly lower in patients with CP (median [IQR] (mL/sec): 9.0 [8.0?13.0] vs. 8.0 [6.0?11.0], P=0.047). After adjustment for age, testosterone level, prostate volume, glucose level, cholesterol level, and waist circumference, the IPSS total and voiding scores were significantly and positively related to CP (IPSS total: odds ratio [OR], 1.141; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.045?1.245; P=0.003; IPSS voiding: OR, 1.243; 95% CI, 1.092?1.415; P=0.001).

Conclusions: Our data suggest that LUTS/BPH is significantly related to CP.

키워드

Lower urinary tract symptoms; Benign prostatic hyperplasia; Chronic periodontitis

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